Sierra Leone is a West African country with a population of 6 million people and a life expectancy at birth of 45 years (male) and 46 years (female). A debilitating 11-year-long civil war ended in 2002, leaving the country’s health system much weakened. The government announced the Free Health Care Initiative in 2010. In 2014 however, Sierra Leone was one of the three countries most affected by the Ebola virus outbreak, with a total number of 3,799 reported deaths (WHO, March 2015), prompting the country to recognize and emphasize the role of communities in promoting health. The UHC Partnership initially supported integrating Ebola recovery plans into the national health policy framework, as the country developed a Basic Package of Essential Health Services 2015-2020 and a Health Sector Recovery Plan 2015-2020. The partnership has then shifted its support towards the development, implementation and monitoring of the National Health Sector Strategic Plan 2017-2021 as well as the establishment of Sierra Leone’s Social Health Insurance scheme. You can access important Ministry’s documents by clicking here.